Borno State’s 25-Year Development Vision

No Comments » December 4th, 2020 posted by // Categories: General Articles

The Vision…“Today Borno is standing on the threshold of history, ready to mobilize all resources to overcome life’s enduring challenges. Our history, like the history of all great civilizations, has been characterized by challenges and victories over these challenges #OurBornoOurSuccess” – Governor Prof. Babagana Umara Zulum
Video –
Text of a Video Message by the Executive Governor of Borno State, Professor Babagana Umara Zulum on the Launch of 25 Year Development Framework & 10 Year Strategic Transformation Plan

Dear Fellow Borno Citizens,

We, the people of Borno State, have gone through tremendous hardships over the past years, which have made us stronger.  Where many would have given up in the face of devastation, we, the people of Borno State, are resilient and are rebuilding our lives and communities.

Now is the time to join forces around a shared vision for our state. After many months of consultations with communities from every corner of the state, we now have a concrete 25-year strategy to transform our lives. And because many in Borno State need fast improvements, we also have a ten-year priority plan with some actions that have already started and some results already tangible.

This strategy is our strategy, is your strategy.

We do not need to wait for others to come and help us. One stone at a time, one seedling at a time, one book at a time, together, we can build a self-reliant Borno State.

Whichever part of Borno we come from, whatever our background is, now is the time for all of us to unite and work together towards restoring our state to the place it deserves.

We, the people of Borno State, have remarkable skills and assets and have a lot to offer. We can build on our partnerships and networks and rely on our friends ready to support us and help us thrive.

We, the people of Borno State, will restore the honour, the dignity and the prosperity of our state and ALL its people. We are together for a successful Borno, for this generation and the next.————————7 Key priorities of Borno’s 25 Years of Development & 10 Years of Strategic Transformation Plan.   Borno’s 25 years Development Plan, 10 years of strategic transformation launch coming up on Saturday 14th November 2020.

Pillar One – Human capital development

“Every citizen is actually participating in development”

For the growth and prosperity of post insurgency, Borno state to be a reality,
the centrality of investing in the people cannot be overemphasized.

Key priorities considered are:

1. Education
2. Social orientation
3. Drug abuse
4. Youth and Sports
5. Gender
6. Art and Culture  

Pillar Two – Leadership in Agriculture

* Agriculture is at the heart of our inclusive development story.

“Borno reaffirmed for agriculture”

* With 72,000 square km land area, the state is endowed with great potential for including the production of livestock, fisheries, and poultry.

* Significant investments have been made in agricultural equipment and machinery to harness Agriculture potential but has been dormant due to the insurgency which has restricted access to farmlands particularly in the northern part of the state close to Lake Chad.

* There are also many brownfield agro-processing that presents an opportunity for investment and development of agriculture value chains on a large scale.

Pillar Three – Healthy Citizenry

* Health is fundamental to Borno State’s Human Capital Readiness

“A healthy population: every citizen matters”

*To foster a healthy population as a foundation to human capital readiness for the State, we must urgently;

1. Address the growing burden of communicable diseases including Malaria, TB, HIV, NTDs, and VPDs.

2. Reduce the burden of non-communicable conditions, largely due to the aging population,
lifestyle and insufficient preventive and curative programmes.

3. Execute a State Health Contributory Scheme to increase affordable access to Basic Healthcare.

4. Ensure adequate Human Resources to support healthcare needs.

5. Address poor-availability of medicines, vaccines and health commodities to meet state health needs.

6. Ensure adequate distribution of standard State public health laboratories across the
State to improve diagnosis and enable timely response to public health emergencies.

7. Ensure universal access to improved water sources and basic sanitation.

8. Install adequate HMIS/M&E system to enhance efficiency, improve patient
management and enhance the quality of evidence generation.

9. Institutionalise health research culture.

10. Increase coverage of mental health and psychosocial services.

11. Accelerate health promotion and preventive programmes for improved wellness.  

Pillar Four – Sustainable Environment
*Sustaining the environment is crucial for this and future generations.

“Sustainable Borno for a better today and brighter tomorrow.”

A greater part of the state lies on the Chad Formation. Physio graphically, Borno State could be divided into two broad relief regions, namely, the hilly/mountainous area of generally over 600m above sea level; and the plains of less than 600 metres above sea level.

The Highlands dominate the south and southeastern parts of the state, covering about one-third of the total land area of Borno. The remaining two-thirds of the land area is dominated by plains of generally less than 600m above sea level.

The State is experiencing desertification and a shrinking Lake Chad; a cumulative impact from deforestation, climate change, drought and inappropriate use of land. This is a challenge that needs urgent attention.

Pillar Five – Regional Trade Hub

* Location of the state offers a significant regional advantage for commerce.

“Borno, the heart of regional trade and commerce.”

* Commerce is the second most common occupation after agriculture due to Borno’s strategic location. The fact that Borno State shares borders with three countries present opportunities for cross-border international trade.

* Borno State is noted for its boisterous international trade; there exists a healthy exchange of goods between the State and Niamey, Tillabari, Fada Gouma, Boi, Banki, Daso, Maradi, Zindar, Tahoua Nguelkolo, Parakon, etc.

* The flow of livestock (cattle, goat, sheep, camel etc.) and cash/crops, food (rice, wheat, groundnut gum Arabic sorghum etc.) to and from Borno state and her neighbours is unprecedented and can be explained by the long historical ties between the ethnic nationalities in this region.

* A large amount of trade is however informal, with a lot of people engaging in buying and selling across borders. The informal nature has meant that it is not recorded as import or export. Most importantly, the State is not able to scale-up and boost this form of trade nor is able to benefit from it as a valid source for Internally Generated Revenue.

* Key Baseline Information:

1. Trade value: N62,877,000,000 (NBS 2018)
2. Trade % of national: 0.3%. (NBS 2018)

* A summary of the key challenges we plan to address:

1. Insufficient capital
2. Incessant Custom raids.
3. Insecurity.
4. Porous Borders.
5. Instability in the market.
6. Transportation and road linkages.  

Pillar Six – Reconstruction, Rehabilitate and Resettle

* At least 30% of IDPs successfully resettled in a year.

* Average duration for the reconstruction of community homestead is 4 months.

* Our Strategic Goals;

1. Ensure faster reconstruction, rehabilitation and resettlement of displaced individuals and families in affordable homes in secured and self- sustaining communities.

2. Achieve voluntary resettlement of 50% of IDPs by 2022 and no more IDP camps by 2026.

3. Create peaceful, secured, inclusive, and economically self-reliant communities.

4. Ensure early and sustainable return, resettlement and reintegration of orphans, IDPs, and returning refugees.

5. Successfully rehabilitated returnees become positive contributors in the communities and active participants in the state’s economy.  

Pillar Seven – Purposeful Infrastructure

*Infrastructure deficit is a present challenge for connectivity.

“Everyone has a place called home; no one is left behind.”

* The destruction of physical and socio-economic infrastructure by the insurgency is severe and significantly affects development. The quantum of infrastructure damage in Borno State is valued at about 1380 billion Naira.

* Infrastructural facilities in Borno can be classified along with three major categories.

a) Destroyed assets due to insurgent activities.
b) Ongoing new projects or facilities.
c) Ongoing rehabilitation projects.

* In addressing the deficit, there is an urgent need to address the following challenges.

1. Pre-insurgency Housing deficit that has been exacerbated by the conflict.

2. Lack of adequate skilled manpower.

3. Lack of maintenance, sustainability and sense of ownership for public infrastructure.

4. Inadequate Water and WASH resources.

5. Lack of sustained investment, coordination and planning in the provision of Educational Infrastructure for demographic changes.

6. Lack of sustained investment, coordination and planning in the provision of Agricultural Infrastructure for improving value chain.—————

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