Universities NEEDS Assessment Report Presentation to NEC November 2012

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September 24 2013



Dear All:

You will find above a Power-Point presentation of the Nigerian Needs Assessment Report on the Nigerian Universities System that was made to NEC (National Economic Council) of Nigeria in November 2012.   It was recently made available to us Vice-Chancellors.

You will also find below newspaper-published excerpts and summaries of the same report.

Identifying these infrastructural problems comprehensively and honestly was deemed essential, hence the commissioning of the assessment,   the report of which the Federal Government is reacting to, with a N100 billion for capital projects this year for all the identified universities, and N100 billion for the next four years.

There is much greater financial need, but it is a beginning to solving at least the universities’ infrastructural problems.



1999 Constitution / Third Schedule / Part I/ Federal Executive Bodies (Established by Section 153)

H – National Economic Council

18. The National Economic Council shall comprise the following members –

(a) the Vice-President who shall be the Chairman;
(b) the Governor of each State of the Federation; and
(c) the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria established under the Central Bank of Nigeria Decree 1991 or any enactment replacing that Decree.

19. The National Economic Council shall have power to advise the President concerning the economic affairs of the Federation, and in particular on measures necessary for the co-ordination of the economic planning efforts or economic programmes of the various Governments of the Federation.



Best wishes all.


Prof. Bolaji Aluko

Vice-Chancellor, FU Otuoke









Recommendations of Committee on Needs Assessment of nigerian public universities



WE bring you, in this first part, some highlights of the comprehensive recommendations made by the Needs Assessment Committee, inaugurated by the Federal Ministry of Education to assess the state of pubic universities in the country, as part of the agreement between the Federal Government and the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU). The report was published last Thursday. Excerpts:

On Governing Councils:

High quality governance will only come about if Governing Councils/Senates and Vice-Chancellors perform their roles with skill and efficiency. The distinction between governance and management should be clearly established. The leadership and reporting responsibilities of the Vice Chancellor be well-defined. Committee system arrangements and delegated authorities regularly reviewed and amended. It is therefore recommended that Governing Council:

a.Establishes clear vision and goals for the university.

b.Ensures that university planning and implementation is consonant with those goals.

c.Distinguishes between its governance role and the responsibilities of management.

d. Maintains appropriate conventions and relationships with Senate and Management

e. Establishes the leadership, management and accountability responsibilities of the Vice Chancellor.

f. Unequivocally supports management staff as they implement Council policies and decisions.

g.Regularly reviews the responsibilities and efficiency of functioning of the committee system.

h. Annually reviews and amends formal financial, personnel and other delegations of responsibilities.

i. Reviews and reports publicly on its own performance, efficiency and effectiveness.

(Government should): ensure that universities are, at no time, allowed to remain without a Governing Council in place and that Council members are appointed base on merit (chosen based on their track records of credibility, integrity, reach, competence, patriotism, and commitment to education and development) and they are allowed to live their tenure as provided by the law; streamline the functions of Council Committees to be in tune with needs/challenges of universities Provisions of statutes  in respect of tenure of Governing Councils be respected.

As much as possible, Council shall ensure that all appointments in the university are need-based and done in accordance with the provision of the relevant laws and without resort to any regiono-tribal sentiments. Objective criterion be put in place for appointment of Council members

Councils shall pursue the attainment of the NUC benchmark on Academic/Support Staff ratio in order to refocus university spending on actual university business. No staff without terminal degree shall be a member of Senate of any university.

The statutes of universities need to be reviewed to modify the composition of Senate if it is to be efficient and effective. It is proposed that the composition be modified to include: the Vice Chancellor as Chairman, the Deputy Vice Chancellors, all Deans of Faculties, all Academic Directors, all Heads of Departments whose departments awards degrees (departments in faculties like Law, Medicine, Pharmacy etc that contribute to one degree shall be represented by the Dean of the Faculty), three Professors to be elected by the Faculty Board of each Faculty (no two of which shall belong to the same department), and the Registrar as Secretary.

Vice Chancellors

It is recommended that the Vice chancellors:

a.Shall have well-defined responsibilities

b.Shall offer a leadership syste providing direction, commitment, consistency of purpose, integrity and performance assessment

c.Be Selfless: takes decision at al time in the best interest of the university. Not to do so in order to gain financial or other material benefits for themselves, their family, or their friends.

d.Be a person of integrity: not to place themselves under any financial or other obligation to outside individuals or organisations that might influence them in the performance of their official duties.

e.Be Objective: in carrying out university business, including making appointments, awarding contracts, or recommending individuals for rewards and benefits, VCs should be guided by merit.

f.Be Accountable: VCs are accountable for their decisions and actions to Council.

g.Be Open: be as open as possible about the decisions and actions they take with reasons and justifications.

h.Be Honest: VCs have a duty to declare any private interests relating to their public duties and to take step to resolve any conflicts arising in a way that protects the university interest

All non-establishment positions created by some vice chancellors (like PAs, SAs, FCs, BGs, etc) be banned in the university system. Governing Councils in conjunction with Senate shall define the responsibilities of the DVCs and minimum qualification required for the appointment of Vice Chancellors be extended to the appointment of DVCs. Abandoned projects shall be completed (or continued with) before new ones are started by incoming Vice Chancellors.

University Management

For University Management, efficiency depends upon the degree to which management arrangements are linked to university’s aspirations and how systemic and transparent the decision pathways are, and how well they work. It is recommended that:

a..Comprehensive financial, personnel and other delegations and policies be reviewed by university management annually.

b.Roles of committees and individual managers be distinguished and duplications and gaps in responsibilities be avoided.

c.Effective system of public notification and together with effective advice of duties and support for staff members taking up new responsibilities (including membership of committees) be put in place.

d.Staff roles and responsibilities be documented.Explicit individual staff and students codes of obligations and rights be developed and advertised.

e.Regular individual target setting and performance reviews linked to promotions and rewards.

f.Charters and service standards for all service units be developed and publicised.

g.As much as possible, university managers shall continue to reach-out to staff union with a view to sustaining and/or establishing cordial working relation with them for the sake of the institutions.

h.Unions shall, at all times, be implored to explore dialogue and diplomatic avenues in pressing for their demands. While councils and managements of universities shall, at all times, provide the avenues and create the conditions that would make dialogue with unions possible and successful.All structures meant to facilitate the provision of academic leadership like the Committee of Deans and Directors, Academic Staff Development Committee, Academic Development Committee, University Research Board, Interdisciplinary Research Centres, Quality Assurance Unit (Teaching and Research), shall be put in place and be made to function effectively and unhindered.

Governing Councils shall balance between democratization of positions of academic responsibilities and the constraints of providing academic leadership. Council shall note that the higher the proportion of the total annual budget of the university that can be spent on the core functions of teaching and research the better the university is pursuing its mission. Council therefore

a.Shall continually monitor and review the teaching/research expenditure ratio, demonstrating the steps that have been taken to maximise resources allocated to teaching and research.

b.Ensure that for administrative costs (central) the ratio should be at the lower end of the scale, in the range of 9 to 10 per cent of the operating fund of the university.

c.Ensure that the overall administrative costs, that is, the proportion of the overall university budget taken up by administrative costs, including the cost of any out-sourced functions (e.g. Cleaning & security), that is central administration plus the administrative costs within units with devolved responsibilities, should not exceed 18 – 20 per cent.

Penalties be introduced for managers that failed to access and properly utilise their universities’ allocation of TETFund subventions for research, staff development (scholarships), conference attendance, publications, etc.

Government needs to empower and re-strengthen the National Universities Commission to enforce all accreditation criteria and ensure objectivity and patriotism in the conduct of the exercise. In this regards, credible scholars and university managers with track records of discipline, quality scholarship, respect of law and laid down procedures, seasoned professionals from the relevant professional bodies, and committed to building a strong university system for the country shall be involved in the exercise.

Universities that lied, forged their records, hire equipment or hire mercenary staff just for accreditation purposes shall be closed down for a minimum of five years.

To be continued next week






Recommendations of the committee on needs assessment of Nigerian public universities (2)



Physical facilities for teaching and learning

GOVERNMENT shall consider the provision of quality infrastructure for teaching and learning in all universities as a national emergency. All ongoing physical facilities development in the Univ. System shall be completed within the stipulated time and be put to use. All abandoned projects in the university shall be completed as a matter of priority.

University facilities shall be conceived and built as role-models in quality, utility and aesthetics so as to reflect these values on university students in their training and also to build their confidence based on the nature of the environment they are being trained.

Refectories, sporting arenas, convocation squares etc that are converted into ‘lecture halls’ shall be reverted back to their original intended purpose. A university student that is supposed to be trained in decent lecture rooms and laboratories should not be put in a kitchen or an open-air sport arena or be peeping through the window in the name of lectures. These demoralise and humiliate the student. The result is a university graduate without self-worth.

Government shall allocate appropriate resources to fund the construction of lecture theatres, lecture rooms, laboratories, workshops, etc as recommended in the individual university reports.

There is an urgent need to establish 6 National laboratories fully equipped with state-of-the-art facilities for cutting-edge scientific research in the country. Universities shall step up efforts to attract endowments and bequeaths that would support the provision of physical facilities for teaching and learning. All physical facilities that need renovation and/or repair shall be given all necessary attention so as to make effective use of them

General learning resources

Government and all stakeholders in the university system shall, as a matter of urgency consider the provision of general learning resources as an emergency as well as important priority.

Libraries in all university shall be automated and subscribed to all major knowledge gateways. Physical collections of books/periodicals need to be updated periodically (every semester) to ensure the currency of the literature being used to train the students.

Computing facilities and services shall be made available to students and staff in all universities. Internet services shall, as a matter of utmost importance, be made accessible to all staff and students in all universities. Funding agencies shall assist in the provision of learning centres equipped with workstations to support students learning experiences.

To promote interactive pedagogy, white boards, video projectors, Public Address System and interactive boards shall be deployed in lecture venues of all Nigerian universities.

Most classes and laboratories are either shabbily furnished or crammed with broken and dilapidated chairs and stools. Universities shall provide decent ergonomic furnishing in libraries, lecture halls/theatres, classrooms and laboratories.

Electro-mechanical ventilators, fans and air-conditioning systems shall be put in all learning facilities and be properly maintained.

An international conference centre shall be provided in all universities and be equipped with state-of-the-art conference facilities including video conferencing, multi-lingual PAS, internet service etc.

Government shall collaborate with the private sector in establishing companies that produce laboratory reagents/consumables to ease the access to, and supply of these consumables to the education sub-sector.

In the intervening period, universities shall be allowed to be making direct purchase of consumables from manufacturers instead of going through contractor/vendors that compromise the quality and standards of such supplies.

Reagents/Consumables needed by individual universities, as listed in their reports, shall be procured.

Regulatory agencies shall sanction any university that runs ‘dry lab’ in the training of its science-based students. Regulatory agencies shall sanction any university that runs ‘dry lab’ in the training of its science-based students.

All equipment that are identified to be serviceable shall be serviced immediately. Equipment/machines needed by the universities but not available shall be procured. No purchase of equipment shall be made without accompanying the training component for the usage and management of the machine/equipment. As much as permitted by the law, universities shall be allowed to be making direct order of equipment/machine from manufacturers. Manufacturers of training equipment/machines shall be invited and encouraged to establish branches in Nigeria. Comprehensive guidelines and code of practice for equipment use shall be developed by all universities.

All universities shall have a central laboratory with customised facilities for special equipment so as to ensure their safety, control their usage, and be routinely maintained. Universities shall establish a network for sharing information about available resources/equipment so as to ensure optimal utilization as well as cross-institutional exchange of knowledge and skills.

Teaching staff

Given the inadequacy of teaching staff in the university system, it is recommended that government shall have a deliberate policy of improving the national ratio to 1:20 within the next two years. Using the present figures of student enrolment, this translates to increasing the number of academic staff in Nigerian universities from the current 28,000 to 50,000. To do this, government and other stakeholders need to: Ensure the creation and sustenance of conducive environment of teaching and learning; Ensure the establishment of competitive conditions of service not just to retain the existing academics but also to attract variety of international scholars into Nigeria’s university system; Put in place a massive and sustainable staff development programme to get all university academics acquire the doctorate degrees; Ensure that more female academics are recruited into the university service; Ensure that the benchmark on staff mix (especially based on rank) is complied with.

To ensure that all university academics have the minimum qualification to teach in the university, government shall direct the appropriate regulatory agencies to issue a moratorium of Five (5) years within which all teaching staff in the university system should acquire a doctorate degree. During the moratorium, all new employments into academic position must meet the academic requirement (i.e. completed Ph.D or pursuing one).

University managers should pursue the endowment of Chairs by private organizations and philanthropists with a view to improving the quality and mix of their staff.

University with very poor staffing situation and unacceptable staff mix should also be given a moratorium of Six years within which massive recruitment must be made with a view to meeting the minimum number and benchmarked mix of teaching staff. If after Six years the staffing need is not satisfied, such universities should be denied accreditation and be stopped from admitting new students.

Government should also target the production of academics in key priority areas as defined by the national policy on high-level manpower development.

In order to bolster the research profile and improve the standing of Nigerian university academics, there is the need for massive and sustained funding of cutting edge research, especially in priority areas. To do this, a national research fund (resident at TETFund) shall be established. This fund shall have clear, well-publicised guidelines and timelines for access and utilization.

There shall be in place, some appropriate penalty for any defaulting university that failed to access its staff development subvention (and all other interventions) from the TETFund.

Visiting lectureship should be regulated. Every tenure-track academic seeking to work as a visiting lecturer to another university must obtain a written approval from his/her employer through the Senate. The visited university should not accept any visiting lecturer without the evidence of permission from his/her University Senate. University shall restrict the number of universities (to a maximum of two within a radius of 200km) that an academic can work as part-time or visiting lecturer simultaneously.

Recognising that all teaching staff are responsible for doing their part by upholding the highest standards of competence and character, government shall direct the relevant regulatory agencies to request all universities in the country to codify the Ethics Policy for Academic Staff. This policy shall cover such areas as: teaching & research, mentoring & relating to students, integrity & excellence, relating with colleagues & community, compliance with the law, use of university resources, harassment & discrimination, conflict of interest, intellectual property rights, etc.

•To be concluded







Report exposes rot in public varsities, proposes 189 recommendations



NIGERIA’S tertiary education sub – sector is in some pretty serious trouble. The public universities are in dire straits, many of them are being mismanaged and are not anywhere near the position to either fulfill their mandates effectively, or serve the country’s quality manpower and economic needs.

A heart-rending report, put together by a 10-member Needs Assessment Committee, headed by Prof. Mahmood Yakubu and with former Academic Staff Union of Universities’ (ASUU), President, Prof Ukachukwu Awuzie as member, has revealed that public universities have largely become a mockery of what citadels of learning should be.

And in what will further shock many Nigerians, some Professors, of all people, entrusted with managing the public universities, have actually been doing the exact opposite: defiling them, shortchanging hapless students, deliberately deceiving the regulatory authorities just to look good, and going as far as hiring mercenary staff to secure underserved accreditation.

The committee, which had 10 terns of reference, was put together as part of the comprehensive 2009 ASUU/FG agreement. Besides, Yakubu and Awuzie, other members were: Senator Abubakar Atiku Bagudu,  Representative of the Senate Committee on Education; Mr. Jerry Alagbaoso, Representative, House of Representatives’ Committee on Education; Raymond Brown from the office of the Secretary to the Federal Government and Dr Jamila Shuara, Director of Higher Education  at the Federal Ministry of Education.

Others include Adeyinka Jones, representing the Federal Ministry of Finance; Emmanuel Uchola from the Federal Ministry of Trade & Investment; Mrs Victoria Oluyole, who represented the National Planning Commission; Late Mrs. Chinwe Obi, from the National Universities Commission who was replaced by Mr. Ayo Bankole and Mr. Femi Melefa who served as the secretary.

The committee’s scope covered 27 federal and 34 state universities (out of the 74 existing public universities in the country), leaving out only the 10 newly established federal universities and three state-owned: Sokoto State University, North West University, Kano and Tai Solarin University of Education, Ogun State. It interacted with pro chancellors and vice chancellors in all public universities. It also met with other university managers.

With regard to infrastructure, the committee found that physical facilities for teaching and learning in the public universities were inadequate, dilapidated, over-stretched and improvised. In some instances, pressure is applied on existing facilities due to unplanned expansion of programmes.

For instance, the committee discovered that Ebonyi State University created 11 faculties in 11 years. The University of Abuja established four capital-intensive programmes in one day. The Osun State University has three sets of medical students in limbo between pre-clinical and clinical stages, due to the absence of a teaching hospital.

On laboratories and workshops, the committee found out that many of them were old with inappropriate furnishing. Power and water supply problems persist; they had scanty and broken furniture and were overcrowded. Besides, equipment and consumables were absent, inadequate or outdated. Kerosene stoves were being used as Bunsen burners in some, including the Universities of Uyo and Jos. Some Engineering workshops were operating under zinc sheds and trees, and many science-based faculties were running what is referred to as “Dry Lab,” due to lack of reagents and tools to conduct real experiments. Sadly, no laboratory in any public university ranks among the top 1000 in the world.

It was also discovered that less than 10 per cent of the universities have video conferencing facility; less than 20 per cent use interactive boards; more than 50 per cent do not use public address systems in their lecture theatres, and none of the universities had fully automated library resources. In fact, many library resources were found to be outdated, while less than 35 percent are partially automated.

The report revealed that there were a total of 701 physical development projects across the all the public universities, out which 163 or 23.3 per cent are abandoned. About 538 or 76.7 per cent are on-going. Some of them are 15 years old and 60 per cent of them are being funded by the Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund).

The University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN) has the highest number of abandoned projects – 22. All the Niger Delta Development Commission’s (NDDC) projects across universities in the Niger Delta states have been abandoned. About 84 per percent of them are students’ hostels.

The report revealed that a majority of the universities are grossly understaffed, rely heavily on part-time and visiting lecturers, have under-qualified academics and have no effective staff development programme outside TETFund’s intervention and the Presidential First Class Scholarship programme.

The report affirmed that there are 37,504 academics (83 per cent of which are male) in the country’s public universities, out of which 23,030 or 61 per cent are employed in federal universities, while 14,474 or 39 per cent are in the state-owned universities. The result is a very high teaching staff/student ratio in many universities, with the University of Abuja having a ratio of 1:122,  National Open University of Nigeria, 1: 363 and the Lagos State University (LASU), 1:114.

The report also revealed a serious crisis of manpower. Instead of having 100 per cent academics having doctorates, only 43 per cent have the qualification, while 57 per cent don’t. Besides, only seven universities (Imo State University, Universities of Uyo, Port Harcourt, Ilorin, Calabar, National Open University of Nigeria and Ondo State University of Science and Technology) have 60 per cent of their academic staff with PhDs.

The Kano State University of Science and Technology, established in 2001 has only one professor and 25 Ph.D. holders. Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, established in 2006 has only two professors and five Ph.D. holders. The Ondo State University of Science and Technology, established in 2008 has only 29 lecturers. Out of the 37,504 lecturers in the public universities, only 28, 128 or 75 per cent are engaged on full time basis. The remaining 9, 376 or 25 per cent are recycled as visiting adjunct, sabbatical and contract lecturers.

The report also revealed that in the Gombe State University, only four of the 47 professors are full-time while all the 25 readers are visiting. In Plateau State University, 74 per cent of the lecturers are visiting while in the Kaduna State University, only 24 out of the 174 Ph.D. holders are full-time staff.

Obviously exasperated by this discovery, the report stated: “The phenomenon seems unregulated or the regulation is defied. A tenure staff in one university can visit many universities, irrespective of distance, without any control. Some academics are always on the road, travelling from one university town to another and unable to meet their primary obligations with their tenure-employer. It is making some proprietors of State Universities to believe that they can run Universities without any programme for academic staff development and for recruiting full-time lecturers.”

As if this was not enough, the committee’s findings on the non – teaching staff were also mind-boggling. The committee maintained that while staff members under this category in the university system are intended to provide administrative and technical support for the maintenance of infrastructural facilities; payroll/personnel and library services, it was discovered that the disposition of this class of staff appeared to have redefined the objectives of the university.

Take the findings: they, the non-teaching staff, are numerically more than the teaching staff they are meant to support. Specifically, the report affirmed that there are 77,511 full-time non-teaching staff members in the country’s public universities, which is twice the total number of full-time teaching staff. In some universities, it was discovered that the non-teaching staff double, triple or quadruple the teaching staff. This means that more expenditure is incurred in administration and routine functions than in core academic matters.

The committee revealed that at the University of Benin alone, there are more senior staff in the registrar cadre than professors, while the Obafemi Awolowo University has more senior administrative than teaching staff.

While the report noted that almost all the universities are over-staffed with non-teaching staff, it also stated that in spite of this general glut of non-teaching staff, those that have reached retirement age are still being retained in the university services on contract, while new recruitment continues. And over 70 per cent of the non-teaching staff members do not have first degrees. “This is partly responsible for the ballooning of the non-teaching staff. The implication of this is over-blown personnel cost and misuse of available resources in the university system,” the report submitted.

On students’ enrolment, the report disclosed that there are a total of 1,252,913 students in the public universities: 85 per cent are undergraduates; five per cent sub-degree; three per cent postgraduate diploma; five per cent master’s and two per cent Ph.D.

According to the report, 960,132 or 76.6 per cent of this figure are enrolled in 16 federal and nine state universities. Overall, 798,661 students or 63.7 per cent are in federal universities, while 454,252 students or 36.3 per cent are in the state universities. Eight of them – Lagos State University, universities of Abuja, Benin, Port Harcourt, and Maiduguri, Ekiti State University and the National Open University of Nigeria account for 33 per cent of total students’ enrolment in Nigeria.

Among the undergraduate students, 33.1 per cent are studying arts and social sciences; 33 per cent – management sciences and education courses; 16 per cent – science and education science courses; five per cent – medicine; 3.9 per cent – agriculture; 1.4 per cent pharmacy and 1.3 per cent law.

On hostel accommodation, the report observed: “The provision of decent hostel accommodation to at least 50 per cent of the student population in any residential university is proving to be an uphill task for Nigerian universities.  University managers have, over the years, been unable to diversify their means of providing hostel accommodation and associated facilities to students.  The management styles of students accommodation is generally ineffective and has left majority of the hostel facilities in a state of disrepair. There has been, over the last two decades, an upsurge of students’ population in almost all Nigerian universities, but there was no commensurate improvement of accommodation and other student services.

“ Consequently, there is a lot of pressure on the available accommodation facilities. As a result, there is rapid deterioration of hostel facilities, overcrowding and undue congestion in rooms, overstretched lavatory and laundry facilities and poor sanitation. These conditions, coupled with the general condition of the universities, produce graduates that lack confidence and sometimes even self-worth.”

The Committee also found that: there are about 109,509 (representing 10.3 per cent of total student population) on-campus hostels’ bed spaces across all public universities in Nigeria. Except the Nigeria Defence Academy (NDA) Kaduna, no university in Nigeria can accommodate more than 35 per cent of its students. Less than 1 per cent of the hostels are provided via Public Private Partnership (PPP). All Federal Universities charge N90 per bed space per session, plus hostel maintenance fee that varies between N5,000.00 and N20,000.00. The hostels attract an average fee of N6,000 for maintenance, while each bed space costs at least N90 per session. There are however many universities that charge higher than this.

The report continued: “The lavatories in most of the hostels of Nigerian universities are both inadequate and unfit for human use. This is not surprising given the average ratio of toilet to users of 1:20. The unhealthy condition of lavatories is forcing some students to use the bush and/or the surrounding compounds of the hostels as open toilets. This poses serious health hazard. In some universities (for example Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike (MOUAU), female students take their bath in the open because the bathrooms are in very poor condition. The hostels are infested with rodents. Laundries and common rooms in many universities have been converted into rooms where students live. In these improvised rooms, there is no limit to the number of occupants.”

On municipal services, the report declared: “It is generally observed that very poor maintenance culture is costing Nigerian Universities a lot of resources. Municipal services that require cheap and routine maintenance schedules are generally ignored until they completely fail or collapse. Artisans and technicians in most universities are sidelined in favour of contractors, who are not familiar with university installations and infrastructures.  Basic municipal facilities like water, electricity, transportation, market are either lacking or highly inadequate.  Most of the universities rely on water tankers and boreholes. There is no university that has a functional integrated water supply and distribution network.  There is no organised market on most of the university campuses, resulting in inappropriate use of learning spaces for trade. Healthcare facilities at the Universities are grossly inadequate. The land areas of most universities are unsecured and are therefore encroached upon by neighbouring communities.”

The committee made a total of 189 recommendations to the federal government on how to reposition the public universities.

Author of this article: By Rotimi Lawrence Oyekanmi



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One Response to “Universities NEEDS Assessment Report Presentation to NEC November 2012”

  1. […] assessment of public universities. The report indicated that universities need N1.3 trillion for a modest revitalisation. The fund was to be paid in tranches over the next five years. But only the Goodluck Jonathan […]

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