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“That the World May Know”



July 7, 2000




Dear Reader:

As you may be aware, the Nigerian
Democratic Movement (NDM), a US-based pro-democracy movement comprised of
Nigerians and her friends, organized a public forum at Howard University over a
series of documents now popularly known as “The Fashanu Report” concerning
Nigeria’s controversial 1988-1993 debt-buy-back scheme. Leading up to the forum,
NDM’s information/press releases on the Fashanu Report were provided in:





while the Forum on June 11, 2000
was announced in:



Finally, an excellent news reports of the happenings at the Forum can be found




Despite a faint hope to the
contrary, the Fashanu team did not show up at the Forum, even though Mr. Minton,
the American millionaire-protagonist of the saga, did, subjecting himself to a
barrage of questions from forum attendees. On the whole, he was adjudged to have
acquitted himself creditably.


To order a tape of the
proceedings of the Forum, please send a money-order for $25 addressed to NDM,
c/o P.O. Box 518, Burtonsville, MD 20866.


Please allow four weeks for


Interest in the Fashanu report
within and outside Nigeria has been deep and wide. For example, earlier,
President Obasanjo himself had made some reference to Mr. Fashanu in an





Furthermore, the Senate of the
Republic of Nigeria, after taking notice of the Fashanu revelations in:





made some pronouncements recently
after their own investigations as reported in:





Most interestingly, within the
past few days, a connection (or allegation thereof) between General Ibrahim
Badamosi Babangida (IBB, former head of state of Nigeria between August 27, 1985
and August 27, 1993), President Olusegun Matthew Aremu Obasanjo and Mr. John
Fashanu was made in a recent publication titled “Babangida Opens Up on Campaign
Financing” :




where IBB is reported to have
alleged that President Obasanjo set Mr. Fashanu up to investigate him.


Our purpose in this release is to
give some context to:


(1) what we understand was the
reason why the Fashanu team did not show up at the NDM Forum. This will be done
through a set of four correspondences between the President of NDM, Dr. Mobolaji
Aluko, Mr. Robert Clarke, lead investigator of the Fashanu team and Mr. Fashanu


(2) some of the official legal
steps that occurred BEFORE the Forum, and that have occurred SINCE the Forum.
Both of these involve correspondences from the Nigerian High Commission in
London to banking and legal entities in Geneva, Switzerland – including one
dated as recently as June 23, 2000 – that were made available to NDM by the
Fashanu team.


The NDM does not take any
position in this matter. We have no way of knowing who is telling the truth or
who has stolen Nigerian money.


Rather, in the democratic spirit
of transparency and accountability that we maintained during the dark days of
the Abacha era and the June 12 saga, and for which Chief MKO Abiola gave his
life, we wish to LET THE WORLD KNOW what the facts are, and then leave our
readers to come to their own conclusions. We also will continue to urge the
authorities in Nigeria to conduct a THOROUGH INVESTIGATION of ALL charges
without fear or favor.

We will continue to maintain that
democratic spirit as a memorial to Chief MKO Abiola, who we fondly remember





Date: Fri, 2 Jun 2000 20:14:54
-0400 (EDT)
From: “Mobolaji E. Aluko” <maluko@scs.howard.edu>
To: ………@aol.com Subject: NDM Public Forum – An Invitation to You to Attend
as a Participant June 2, 2000


Dear Rob:


Well, I am hoping that you will
be able to attend a public forum being organized by my organization, NDM, to
give further publicity to this Fashanu report. We have already intimated John
Fashanu about it, as well as Bob Minton, and George and myself are committed to
being present at the forum.

We trust that you will be able to
be the fifth participant of this forum so that all of us can confront this issue
HEAD-ON. I think it will give it more momentum, don’t you think so.


It is scheduled for June 11,
2000, from 4:00 – 7:00 pm at Howard University.


whether you will be able to make it. I see no reason why not! đŸ™‚ Do give me a
call …..to talk this over.


Bolaji Aluko


Date: Mon, 5 Jun 2000 15:45:29
From: ……@aol.com
To: maluko@scs.howard.edu Subject:



Hello Professor,


After speaking with the some of
the other investigators we all think this will be a perfect opportunity to
discuss the main issues of the buyback scheme. Our team will be there for the
Forum and I will keep you informed on any developments.


Could you please send me any
details on what other topics will be discussed concerning Nigerian issues or
will this just be for the Fashanu report? Who else will be there and has Mr.
Minton committed and will he bring any documentation?


We of course have lots of
questions and this will help focus the investigation. Looking forward to seeing
you again and I will do what it takes to change my plans.


It is a little short notice, is
the date changeable?


All the best, Rob



Date: Fri, 9 Jun 2000 22:27:07
From: ……….@aol.com
To: maluko@scs.howard.edu Subject: (no subject)


Hello Professor, Once again sorry
for the delay, but the current developments regarding the looted funds from
Nigeria always takes front seat to any other developments.


I have been working with you for
2 years now presenting documents and evidence always going in the direction of
what would be best for the people of Nigeria……


You may think this Forum is the
right thing for Nigeria but I must strongly disagree with you. What you are
proposing would be equal to the prosecution attorney and their investigators
sitting down with the likes of O.J. Simpson and his hired guns to compromise the
criminal case before it even gets started…..


I respect you tremendously but I
must say I am deeply concerned and surprised you would let Mr. Minton try to
undermine the official Nigerian investigation by having us present crucial
evidence in a public Forum that would absolutely compromise this


I trust you will read our
response and post it to the appropriate audience as our official position.

I am enclosing parts of the
communication from the solicitors involved….which echoes our exact concerns
regarding this type of inappropriate public Forum.


Warmest Regards, Investigative
Team —-



Dear Mr. Fashanu and


It has come to our notice that
Mr. Robert Minton has contrived to stage a public forum set for June 11th. It
appears to be Minton’s intention to use the forum to undermine the Nigerian
governments extensive investigations into his financial activities.


Minton has furthermore contrived
to secure the services of a journalist and Nigerian Senator to paint his actions
in the most favorable light possible.


It appears that the
institutionalization of crimes is what is being sought by Mr. Minton which
brings with it a legitimization of what he has done.


It is in that climate that nobody
ever would bring any charges, and thus nobody ever enters the court room. Yet,
the court room is the only place where specifics have to be answered.


Appropriate venues are the court
rooms in Switzerland, in Lagos and in the United Kingdom.


This forum can only be seen as an
attempt to make light of very serious allegations and charges. No data and
information must be turned over to that forum.


Thus please be advised that due
to legal restraints you and your colleagues’ participation in this forum is
impossible. It would undermine the integrity of the 3 year investigation which
has uncovered criminal actions.


Best regards, [FROM THE

Nigeria House, 9 Northumberlan Avenue, London WC2N SBX
Telephone: 071839 1244 Fax: 071-839-8746 Ref: NHC/ECON/41/1 Discount Bank and
Trust Geneva
Quai de L’ile 3
Case Postale 5430
CH-1211 Geneva 11 Switzerland


Fax: 41 22 310 1703 29 March 2000 Dear Sir, RE: MATTER OF CRIMINAL


Please be informed that the President, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed
Forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo has directed
me to urgently notify you that investigation has just commenced regarding a
matter of criminal conspiracy, large scale misappropriation of public funds,
corrupt enrichment and stealing involving a large sum of public funds belonging
to the Federal Government of Nigeria, part of which is the sum of One Hundred
Million Dollars ($100,000,000) or more deposited into the associated accounts of
one Robert Minton of 137, Fremont Road, Sandown, NH, USA, who account number is
108: 10179140900.


We are informed that the above
account is held in the name of KAROSA Foundation, and is administered by a Mr.
Nessim Habib. Further, a codename made up by Robert Minton to identify himself
to the bank is “B. Katy.”

Moreover, we are made to
understand that some of these associated accounts are opened in the name of
Robert Minton’s wife, Therese Minton, and the account is administered by one
Patricia Cousins (Account Manager) with your London Branch.


The President and the Federal
Government of Nigeria hereby seek your co-operation that this account be frozen
until the completion of the investigation on this matter.


On behalf of the Federal
Government of Nigeria, I hereby thank you for your co-operation.


Yours sincerely [SIGNED] Bola
Ajibola CC: Branch Manager
Discount Bank and Trust Geneva (London Branch)
P.O. Box 4QP
London w1A $QP
Fax: 0171 4092877



Forwarded message

Date: Wed, 5 Jul 2000 15:33:22 EDT


Dear Sir, Having read the article in the Sunday Vanguard entitled “Nigeria; CBN
Linked with Greenland Holdings” I felt it my duty to respond and clarify some of
the issues discussed concerning many of the documents and the first completed
report submitted to the Nigerian government by the financial investigators
working on the Nigerian Debt Buyback scandals.


Let me make it clear from the
start the Debt Buyback Report is not a political expose it is a financial
expose, and one that has cost me dearly. The individuals involved in this
corrupt scheme have personally, financially and socially tried to ruin my
reputation through the media and their political connections. International
bankers stole millions from Nigeria and they should be held accountable. Nothing
will be achieved if Nigerians turn on each other, however, people like Mr.
Minton and his accomplices have acquired a number of friends who are trying to
use the Debt Buyback report to create political mischief and discontent among
the political and financial apparatus within Nigeria.


The following offers the only
transparency to date on this report.


Volume one of the four completed
reports was officially submitted to the Nigerian government May 29th, 2000.
After reviewing the report the Nigerian government swiftly retained the services
of a prominent Swiss attorney in Geneva by the name of Philippe Neyroud who
specializes in financial fraud and criminal activities involving money
laundering. Mr.

Neyroud immediately recognized
criminal activities undertaken by Mr.


Minton and the financial
institutions involved and recommended to the Nigerian government that they
authorize him to draft and submit a criminal complaint to the Swiss criminal
courts, which was filed June 26th, 2000 with Mr. Bernard Bertosa at the Palace
of Justice Geneva and signed by the Nigerian UK High Commissioner Prince Bola
Ajibola. (I enclose a court stamped copy of the criminal complaint in French
along with an English translation) Within volume one of the report is the
identification of hidden Swiss accounts and all the banks and financial
institutions used to facilitate the Debt Buyback scheme. The report meticulously
identifies all concerned parties and their roles within the Debt Buyback Scheme,
which mainly consist of non Nigerian nationals and focuses on the individuals
and banks responsible for the mishandling of the Nigerian funds and the money
laundering activities of those involved.


I find it very interesting that
Mr. Rasheed has come out so verbally defending the CBN’s position and that the
Senate’s report’s findings have superficially laid to rest any allegations of
corruption when they have not even seen the report submitted to the government.
Mr. Rasheed was working in the CBN during the time of the Debt Buyback Scheme
and is now in a very powerful position as Deputy Governor, Mr. Rasheed is
obviously protecting his job and position.

Mr. Minton and his coconspirators
have kept the crucial documents away from the CBN officials for nearly 12 years
(or have the CBN officials kept them hidden themselves?) while they used
Nigerian funds to manipulate the price of Nigerian debt while making millions of
dollars undisclosed to the Nigerian officials who were supposed to be overseeing
this program. No officials at the CBN or any other Nigerian government officials
have acknowledged reviewing the Deal Files or bank transfers between the trading
entities and the Swiss bank accounts uncovered in the report.


Volume 3 of the Debt Buyback
Scheme report documents the offshore companies and private bank accounts
secretly used by Nigerian Bank officials which could be the reason they are
defending the scheme and trying to stop any further investigation.

The Senator Idris Abubakar-led committee report which was signed on February 29,
described the debt buy back deals undertaken by Greenland Holdings as very
transparent, but it is clear the Senate committee never reviewed the report that
was submitted to the Nigerian government because that was not done until May
29th, 2000. The committee states the scheme was very transparent but they do not
disclose what documents they make that claim on, because incriminating documents
have been withheld from them. It took over a year for the forensic accountants
and financial investigators to piece together the maze of transactions which
uncovered the looted funds and now that information is being closely guarded or
withheld from the proper officials by the very individuals that want to cover-up
their own crimes, mainly the CBN officials in charge of the Debt Buyback Scheme
from 1988 to 1993.


While I can appreciate the
position of the current Nigerian government to try and keep this matter quite, I
can not stand by and neither should the people of Nigerian while President
Obasanjo proclaims Nigeria is working on an anti-corruption platform while the
Nigerian Senate and CBN officials play political games in the media trying to
cover up their mishandling and criminal activities.


If the Nigerian government really
wants to emerge into democracy on an anti-corruption platform and rid Nigeria of
the corrupt practices and officials it must take a stand against the individuals
and financial institutions that have eagerly taken advantage of and plunged the
country into it’s current state.


Maybe the best course of action
should be for the Nigerian government to make the report which was submitted to
the authorities available for all Senators and interested media so they can
independently verify it’s contents.

The additional reports volumes 2,
3 and 4 which will be made available to the International and National
authorities in due course consist of:


Volume 2; video surveillance,
audio recordings and transcripts of interviews with the involved parties to
include Nigerian and Non-Nigerian persons. Volume 3; Full documentation of
financial records of the parties involved to include Nigerian officials and
Non-Nigerians. These financial records document the criminal activities of
certain individuals which have corrupted the Nigerian financial structure with
payoffs, offshore accounts and contract awards. Volume 4; financial and
political analysis with documentation concerning the foreign creditors involved
and defrauded in the Debt Buyback Scheme along with details outlining IMF and
World bank involvement in the scheme.


My primary concern is to keep the
focus of these criminal acts in the jurisdiction of the criminal courts and not
in the political arena where personal and political motives whitewash or
cover-up this financial fraud to the detriment of Nigeria’s international


Respectfully submitted, John
Fashanu and
The Financial Investigators and Forensic Accounting Team


23, 2000 Mr Bernard BERTOSSA

Prosecutor General
and his Office
Place du Bourg-de-Four 1


Prosecutor General,


We have agreed regretfully to
file a penal complaint against Robert MINTON, as well as co-conspirators for
charges of fraud (Art. 146 Penal Code), forgery of financial documents (Art. 251
Penal Code) and the laundering of money (Art. 305 ff Penal Code).


The investigation which is in
progress in NIGERIA permitted to establish that several billion dollars have
been diverted by Robert MINTON to the detriment of the FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF
NIGERIA from 1987 to 1993, which particularly reside in the accounts of DISCOUNT
BANK AND TRUST COMPANY in Geneva of which Robert MINTON is the holder and
economic beneficiary of.


Following our interventions with
this bank asking them on one side to internally block the funds which Minton
still has on account and on the other side that the facts be communicated to the
Bureau of Communication concerning the laundering of money, Robert MINTON had a
meeting with the directors of the bank on May 30, 2000.

According to our information, he
asked for the immediate transfer of his funds as well as the destruction of


We are herewith constituting
ourselves as civil party and have elected resident Mr Philippe NEYROUD,
attorney, 8-10 rue de Hesse, 1204 Geneva.


The facts, briefly, are as


1.- Robert S. MINTON, an American
national, resides at 137 Fremont Road, Sandown, New Hampshire 03873, USA. Holds
an American passport as well as an Irish passport, and frequently travels to
Switzerland, England and Turkey.


His wife is Therese S. MINTON,
residing at 39 West Cedar St., Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.



At that time the contracts
between Nigeria and international creditors and debt holders had strict
guidelines and clauses regarding the purchasing of NIGERIAN debt without
respecting the equality of the creditors of the same rank.


3.- In this frame, Robert MINTON
conceived and executed a secret fraudulent plan from 1987 to 1993 of buying
debts by diverting considerable funds coming from the CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA


4.- According to this plan,
Robert MINTON and his accomplices established and used several “special purpose”
corporations for the purchasing of debts of NIGERIA (“Bank debt, Government
debt, promissory notes”).


5.- Having at their his disposal
a confidential list identifying the principal owners of the debts, Robert MINTON
and his corporations then contacted them directly with the purpose of convincing
them that the NIGERIAN government would never refund them and obtained from the
majority of them the transfer of the debt at a low price.


6.- These acquisitions were
financed with funds directly from the CBN and NNPC.


The corporations of Robert MINTON
then increased these debts to higher prices to the CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA and
resulted in several millions of dollars more in commissions and fees.


bought the debts for several million of dollars more, being defrauded by not
being provided with the actual costs to the corporations of Mr. MINTON.


7.- In this context, GML
INTERNATIONAL Ltd (previously GROWTH MANAGEMENT Ltd) established in London by
Robert MINTON (Att. 1-2),, played a central role as “financial advisors”.

MINTON has been separated from
that corporation since 1991.


Other corporations were
established and utilized by MINTON, specifically:



CORPORATION, established in Sandown / Salem, New Hampshire, USA, January 30,
1991 (Att. 3) C. GREENCLAD Ltd established in London June 30, 1986 (Att. 4) of
which the corporate name was changed on June 30, 1986 to GROMAN FORFAITING Ltd.
The corporation was dissolved in December 1989 (Att. 5).

established in Boston, Massachusetts, September 13, 1988 and which merged on
December 31, 1990 with TRIOLET INTERNATIONAL Ltd (Att. 6-7).

established in Manchester, New Hampshire on December 21, 1980 and dissolved in
May 1998 (Att. 8).



8.- The two corporations TRIOLET
INTERNATIONAL and SHAMROCK FINANCIAL acquired debts owed by NIGERIA for a total
of $5 billion in nominal value between 1988 and 1993. Debts of nominal value of
several hundreds of millions of dollars were specifically acquired from BCCI.


9.- Very likely the intermediary
transfer of debts between firms permitted the raise of costs of acquisition


10.- With letter of January 15,
1992 signed by Robert MINTON, SHAMROCK FINANCIAL CORPORATION confirmed to the
CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA the acquisition of bank debt for an amount of
$1,200,000,000 (and that for the benefit of the Central Bank of Nigeria). (Att.
9) 11.- The detailed accounting of the operations for GREENLAND HOLDING INC.
also indicates the purchase of debts from March 1988 to December 1991 for more
than one billion dollars.


This accounting shows a list of
owners of the debt from whom they were bought, the nominal value as well as the
“Cost to GREENLAND” which represents in each case between 25% and 45% of their
nominal value. (Att.

10) We know however that most of
the debts had been obtained at a very low price and the alleged “Cost to
GREENLAND” provided by MINTON to the CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA was false. The
records of intermediary bankers or “Debt Traders” permit to establish the
insider trading which escalated the price, And increased undisclosed fees and


12.- In Geneva, Robert MINTON
deposited the diverted funds in different bank accounts which were opened for
corporations as well as his personal accounts operated with codes.


13.- ROBERT MINTON and his wife
opened several accounts specifically for GREENLAND HOLDINGS, at the DISCOUNT
BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, 1-3 quai de l’Ile, 1204 Geneva.

MINTON was introduced to this
bank by M. Jozef BICACO, a Turkish national, residing at rue Louis-Curval 10,
1206, Geneva.


M. Albert CEZANA, sub-director,
residing at 10 chemin Rieu, Geneva and M Nessim HABIB, associate director,
residing at 96, chemin du Levant in Lausanne were in charge of managing the


One of the important accounts
that Minton was the economic beneficiary of was opened in the name of the KAROSA
Foundation. This foundation is being administered by M Nessim HABIB.


At this Geneva bank, MINTON used
to identify himself under the name of “Mr. B. Katy”. It is by the way noted that
this organization issued credit cards under the (false) name Katy used by Mr.


Several hundreds of millions of
dollars were diverted to the detriment of Nigeria between 1987 and 1993 and went
through the accounts at DISCOUNT BANK AND TRUST COMPANY in Geneva.


We know that on 19 November 1998,
a transaction in the amount of $4 million was conducted at this bank by MINTON
and the KAROSA Foundation;


account number: 108:10179140900.


MINTON and his wife are actually
in contact with DISCOUNT BANK AND TRUST COMPANY Geneva where they own important


14.- Connected with the Geneva
bank, Robert MINTON and his wife are also the holders and economic beneficiaries
of accounts with the DISCOUNT BANK AND TRUST COMPANY in London. Those accounts
are being managed by M Patricia COUSINS (Account Manager).


15.- With letter of March 29,
2000, Prince Bola AJIBOLA, High Commissioner of NIGERIA in London informed
DISCOUNT BANK AND TRUST COMPANY Geneva that a judicial investigation had been
opened against MINTON and demanded that the bank block his funds internally. (Att.

On April 3, 2000 our counsel in
Geneva confirmed to the bank that they had to proceed and had the obligation to
state the facts to the Bureau of Communication concerning money laundering in
accordance with the law relating to the fight against money laundering n the
financial sector.


(Att. 12).

The bank confirmed receipt of the
letter on April 4, 2000 without however stating the measures they wanted to


(Att. 13) 16.- In this context,
Robert MINTON traveled to Europe to meet the directors of the DISCOUNT BANK AND

MINTON was accompanied in his
travels by Stacy BROOKS, an American national, born April 8, 1952 and residing
at 107 17th St. Belleair Beach, Florida 33786.


17.- In London, MINTON had a
meeting on May 25, 2000 at the offices of DISCOUNT BANK AND TRUST COMPANY,
Grosvenor Square 34 with Patricia COUSINS and M Nessim HABIB who is managing the
accounts for the Geneva bank.


18.- On 30 May 2000, ROBERT
MINTON went to the offices of DISCOUNT BANK AND TRUST in Geneva where he had a
meeting with the directors.


According to our information,
Robert MINTON demanded at that meeting the immediate transfer of his funds
specifically to Germany and Great Britain as well as the destruction of

Following that meeting, our law
firm addressed a new circumstantial correspondence — by Fax and hand couriered
— mentioning the presence of Robert MINTON in their house and reminding them
of their vigilant obligation. (Att. 14)


19.- MINTON and his escort
departed Geneva on May 31, 2000 for Frankfurt, Hamburg and Leipzig for meetings
with German banks.

MINTON and Stacy BROOKS reserved
places to return to Boston, United States for June 5, 2000.


20.- Other accounts were opened
by MINTON in Switzerland, specifically in the name of “PREDILECT”, GROWTH
ZURICH AG, Stauffacherstrasse 44, 8039 Zurich and BANK CANTRADE Zurich.

ZURICH AG was in charge of administering the accounts at CANTRADE BANK.


Very likely in connection with
CENTRAPRIV ZURICH AG, GREENLAND HOLDINGS has an address at Stauffacherstrasse 5,
8089 Zurich.


After having suspected that the
funds received from NIGERIA constituted an activity of money laundering, BANK


The main conduit and flow of
known as BANK AUSTRIA which is also suspected of harboring assets for Mr. MINTON
accumulated through his criminal enterprise.


21.- Robert MINTON, GML
FINANCIAL CORPORATION, have also been in contact with the following banks and
financial institutions:


Rhone, Geneva (GORDON-AHMED Sabiha, sub director), HERITAGE FINANCE & TRUST SA,
12 cours des Bastions, 1205 Geneva (M.

Christian M WAGNER).


SIFIDA Societe Internationale
Financiere pour les Investissements et le Developpement en Afrique, Luxembourg,
Affiliate of Chene-Bourg, rue Francois- Perreard 22 (M. Philippe SECHAUD,
Administrative delegate).

SWISS BANK CORP, especially for
operations with the agency in New York 10008, 222 Broadway (M. Anton SPICIJARIC).


* The relative facts constitute violations of statutes at the beginning of the
complaint, fraud, forgery of financial documents and money laundering.


We respectfully request the
seizure at DISCOUNT BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, Geneva, of assets in the various
accounts for which Robert MINTON and his wife are the owners, economic
beneficiaries or for which they are nominees, as well as the seizure of
correspondence (including the written instructions and internal notes relative
to the different communications) of the various accounts for which they are or
were the owners, economic beneficiaries, and this from the beginning of the
opening of the accounts.


We also request the
interrogations of M. Joseph ASSARAF, Director General, of M Nessim HABIB, of M
Albert CEZANA and other employees of the bank who have knowledge of the accounts
which Robert MINTON has / had the control of.


Very respectfully
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA [SIGNED] Prince Bola Ajibola High Comissioner END



TELL Magazine, No. 34, August 21, 2000

John Fashanu report on alleged $6 billion debt buy-back scam may be a mirage
after all.

By OSA Director
with additional reporting by Ademola Oyinlola/Washington DC and Janet

Idris Abubakar, a senator representing Gombe South Constituency, is fast
acquiring the image of a fighter. When the Senate Committee on Local and Foreign
Debts, chaired by Abubakar, gave a clean bill of health to Nigeria’s debt
buy-back operation in the period of 1988 to 1993, many were wont to believe.
However, John Fashanu, a Nigerian-born United Kingdom-based former international
soccer star, dismissed the report as a cover-up. Indeed, Fashanu accused the
Senate committee of bias and laziness for not getting to the root of the
transactions which he described as an embarrassing scam.

According to Fashanu, the Abubakar-led Senate committee, which described the
debt buy-back deals as transparent, may have been misled to such conclusions
because “the Senate committee never reviewed the report (Fashanu’s report) that
was submitted to the Nigerian government.” Incriminating documents, he claimed,
were withheld from them (Senate committee). “It took over a year for the
forensic accountants and financial investigators to piece together the maze of
transaction which uncovered the looted funds; and now, that information is being
closely guarded or withheld from the proper officials by the very individuals
that want to cover up their own crimes, mainly the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN,
officials in charge of debt buy-back scheme from 1988 to 1993,” said Fashanu,
who expressed his determination to pursue the matter further.

With such vehement rebuttal, Fashanu was only treading a familiar turf. In a
well-orchestrated media blitz, Fashanu, in April, announced to the world that a
three-year private investigation undertaken by him had unearthed a monumental
scam of about $6 billion in the debt buy-back transactions done between 1988 and
1993. This was during the tenure of General Ibrahim Babangida, the famed ‘Evil
Genius’ whose eight years of military dictatorship culminated in the annulment
of June 12, 1993 Presidential election. The winner of that election, Moshood
Abiola, later died in custody in 1998. Hence, with Babangida’s unenviable and
corrupt leadership background, many Nigerians who have been calling for a probe
of the gap-toothed general latched on the “Fashanu report” to pressure President
Olusegun Obasanjo for an intensive probe of Babangida’s era, described as the
period when corruption and graft became entrenched as statecraft.

But TELL learnt that Fashanu is an unlikely character to champion such a
crusade with emerging facts regarding his motives and sincerity. Fashanu claimed
he stumbled on the fraud by chance in his bid to run checks on some potential
business partners in Nigeria. He told The NEWS magazine recently that, in the
course of running the checks, “a lot of information began to come out, it got
bigger and bigger until we were looking at a fraud of at least $6 billion,
involving 200 separate bank accounts.” The patriotic zeal to give Nigeria a
better image in the global community, Fashanu claimed, propelled him to finance
and hire some investigators to expose the shady deals in the debt buy-back

The former English soccer star even boasted: “I have details of account
numbers, identities of those involved, dates and times these frauds were
perpetrated.” But such claims began to dim when he spoke to The Punch
newspapers. Fashanu made spirited attempts to give former self-appointed
military President Babangida a clean bill. Since the debt buy-back transaction
took place during Babangida’s dictatorship and with the degree of knavery that
characterized that junta, insinuations were that the missing $6 billions
allegedly found by Fashanu might have gone into the foreign accounts of
Babangida and his henchmen. But Fashanu, in what to some amounts to sheer double
talk and diplomatic brinkmanship, emphasized that he never accused Babangida of
theft. Said he, “If you know how government works, you will know that things are
not just as straightforward.” Who then are the perpetrators and beneficiaries of
the scam? Why has Fashanu refused to release the documents incriminating the
perpetrators? In short, what does Fashanu want to achieve?

TELL learnt the expose by Fashanu may just be a smokescreen in an ongoing
high wired politics in the international circuit. Since the disclosure of the
debt buy-back, Fashanu is yet to release a single name or bank account of any
Nigerian who has benefited from the deals. Even Babangida, who was loudly
suspected by all, has tacitly been cleared by the soccer star turned
businessman. But two names have featured prominently as participants and major
beneficiaries of the transaction. They are Jeffrey Schmidt and Bob Minton, both
American financial investors, who were said to be close to Babangida. The duo
were alleged to be the brains behind the major offshore company, Greenland
Holdings Inc. based in Panama, that was used to purchase Nigeria’s debt. Even
between the twosome, the multimillionaire, Minton, seems to have received more
of the attacks. But why?

The public, perhaps, had the opportunity to find out recently in Washington
DC. The Nigerian Democratic Movement, NDM, led by Professor Bolaji Aluko, head
of the Chemical Engineering in Howard University and son of the popular
economist, Professor Sam Aluko, organized a public forum where Minton and
Fashanu were to speak on all the grey areas in the debt buy-back controversy.
Unfortunately, Fashanu, in spite of repeated assurances, surprisingly failed to
turn up for the event. The organizers of the event were shocked at Fashanu’s
absence, especially for the fact that the former Wimbledon Football Club captain
and his agent, Robert Clarke, had written to Aluko previously, urging him to
help sensitise the relevant sections of the US government and people to their
investigations and the need to recover the alleged looted funds for the benefit
of Nigerians.

However, Minton, who came to the venue with a heap of documents relating to
the transactions, told TELL that he never participated in any dubious deal to
rip off Nigerians through their government or agents. “What we did was within
internationally recognized financial guidelines and laws.” Minton noted that his
disclosure, “due to the lies bandied around,” was against the agreement he had
with the government of Nigeria to keep their transactions strictly confidential.
The main grouse of his accusers, Minton claims, is because he is fighting the
Church of Scientology. “Fashanu is hired by the Church of Scientology. And his
so-called investigator, Robert Clarke, works for the scientology organization.”

According to Minton, the Church of Scientology, founded by L. Ron Hubbard, is
a very powerful sect which allegedly “draws its members from a broad
cross-section of society, and like other destructive cults, uses a sophisticated
combination of deceptive recruiting methods, false promises, hypnosis, behaviour
modification, sleep deprivation, dietary manipulation, information control,
phobia indoctrination and other mind control techniques to entice and control
its members.” Minton formed the Lisa McPherson Trust to fight and “expose the
abusive and deceptive practices of the Church of Scientology and help those who
have been victimized by it.” The trust, which started operations on January 6,
2000, is named after a young lady, Lisa McPherson, who allegedly died in the
Church of Scientology’s Fort Harrison Hotel after being held against her will
for 17 days. Minton told the magazine that his crusade against the
scientologists has caused him great stress, including the “present campaign to
tarnish my name and professional integrity.”

No doubt, in the titanic struggle between these two powerful forces, a
well-heeled organization on the one hand and a wealthy financial investor on the
other, all that is foul is fair. And some persons may have been used, even
innocently. Certainly too, truth has become a casualty in the crossfire between
both combatants. When Minton was given a human rights award in Leipzig, Germany
in April, the Fashanu group was alleged to have manipulated this information to
mean that he went to hurriedly close his account to Germany and move them to

The several companies said to have been floated by Minton and Schmidt for the
purchase of Nigeria’s debt were actually owned by the CBN. Such companies
included Greenland Holdings Inc. in Panama, Triolet International Limited and
Shamrock Financial Corporation, both in New Hampshire, USA. Testifying before
the Senate committee, Mahe Rafindadi Rasheed, the deputy governor, domestic
operations of CBN, said, “Greenland Holdings was a wholly-owned company
belonging to the CBN and used for the purpose of concealing a debt buy-back from
the eyes of the Paris Club and others who frowned on debt buy-backs.

Rasheed revealed that the ownership of Greenland Holdings was concealed
because of the parity clause in the agreement Nigeria signed with its creditor
countries. Consequently, “you cannot single out one creditor and deal with him
alone in having a reduction of his debt, that is in purchasing it back from the
creditor himself: you must deal with all the creditors on equal basis.” As a
result of this parity clause, he went further, “that is why third parties must
be sought in order to effectuate debt buy-backs. It is also as a result of that,
when buying debt buy-back, it must be done confidentially so that other
creditors, particularly the Paris Club, would not know.”

Really, when the United States of America got to know that Greenland Holdings
was a CBN-owned company, which was being used for debt buy-backs, they advised
the bank to close it immediately. But the usefulness of floating Greenland
Holdings was immense as “we did not want to give money to a third party who may
disappear with it,” Rasheed said.

But did the debt buy-back yield any financial reward for the country? Rasheed
said it resulted “in external debt reduction of over $5 billion for the
country.” Minton confirmed this to the magazine in Washington. He disclosed that
he made a tidy profit of over $45 million. In the agreement signed between CBN
and Greenland Holdings on March 24, 1988, it noted, inter alia. “Greenland will
cover all expenses, including lawyers’ fees and OLD (the bank) fees. Net profit
to Greenland will be approximately one per cent of the face value of the debt.”

A financial expert who spoke to TELL said the transaction between Minton and
the CBN was done within acceptable international laws. “There is no doubt that
Minton made a lot of profit but that was based on the content of the agreement.
He didn’t violate any law.” But Fashanu’s investigator, Robert Clarke, will hear
none of this. In his letter to Aluko, he stated that “domination and evidence
indicate that these individuals (Minton and Schmidt) not only profited from
these transactions but set up a sophisticated offshore network to establish and
operate companies and trusts with most likely the intention of hiding their true
identities and ownership so as to try and elude the US tax jurisdiction and many
other jurisdictions as well. After close examination of the documents, it is
apparent that these individuals set up a complex money laundering operation
through established on and offshore finance institutions using real and
manufactured Third World debt instruments actively being traded on the secondary

If actually Minton and Schmidt were involved in money laundering, why did the
US government not prosecute them since they eventually became aware of Greenland
Holdings account? And why has Fashanu and is investigator, Clarke, refused to
initiate court proceedings against Minton in a US court for tax evasion as they
claim. Moreover, if Fashanu’s claim that he was motivated by a sense of national
pride and patriotism is to be believed, why did he demand for $500 million from
President Obasanjo before handing over the documents containing his
investigations? And since President Obasanjo made this disclosure, Fashanu is
yet to deny or respond. He has, however, argued that the latest move of the
government in retaining the services of Phillipe Neyroud, a Swiss attorney, to
file criminal complaints against Minton, justifies, to some extent, his
allegations of a big scam.

Perhaps, the most devastating criticism of Fashanu’s tactics and motives came
from his former admirer, George Noah. The London-based Nigerian journalist was,
indeed, the first Nigerian to interview and write on Fashanu’s “heroic and
patriotic” exposition of the $6 billion scandal. On finding out that Fashanu
might have fooled the nation, Noah poured invective and diatribe on the former
soccer star for his diabolical campaign. He described Fashanu as a military
apologist and an Abacha lackey. The ex-footballer, Noah said, will be the first
to admit that his widely publicized “Fashanu report” is nothing about politics,
“but by commenting on Nigeria’s debt buy-back deals from 1988-1993, Fashanu has
ignited a political dynamite and the expected debris may eventually consume






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by George Noah

Monday 27
August  2000 

The man with many identities, his links with the Scientology
organization, his recruitment of John Fashanu  & his intrigues with
the Nigerian government in his bid to destroy Bob Minton.

David Lee (aka Robert
Clarke aka Ron Christopher), whose real name is David Lebeau, is a private
investigator who has worked for the Scientology organization for at least
eight years. For the purpose of this report, we shall refer to the
investigator as David Lee. After he was handed the project of destroying,
Bob Minton, the retired American investment banker, the Scientology
organization is hell bent on destroying, Lee’s first task was to research
into Minton’s past to find out where he could be vulnerable. Lee soon
found out that Minton’s company once did a debt buy back operation for the
Central Bank of Nigeria between 1988 – 1993. The private investigator/cum
Scientology agent immediately went to work with the hope of digging up
something unpleasant about Minton. For three years he compiled a dossier
on Minton. These were the years Fashanu was later to claim, he spent his
own money investigating those who looted Nigeria’s treasury!

David Lee and Elliot Abelson

The fact is that Lee personally compiled the ”Fashanu Report” and
equally placed John Fashanu on his payroll and not the other way round
as the former footballer has been suggesting. 

recommendations especially from another Scientologist,

Chief Rilwanu Lukman
, who claims to be a devout Muslim, Lee
recruited Fashanu to spearhead the assault on Minton. Journalists who
interviewed Fashanu on the debt buy back deal are unanimous in their views
that Fashanu could not hold any intelligent discussion on the report he
claims he put together. 

Lee who is
Fashanu’s boss, is extremely cagey about being identified as a
Scientologist, lest his cover is revealed. 

Lee behind an “Arnie Lerma” Mask

This was why both men
failed to appear at the

public forum on the debt buy back deals
organized by the
Nigerian Democratic Movement at Howard University, Washington DC, two
months ago.  They both claimed to have been advised not to appear by their
lawyers! Yet both men had craved media attention for the debt buy back
scheme. Lee was always at the background whilst Fashanu hopped from one
media house to another. Indeed, Lee was aware that former Scientology
members were to attend the public forum. Hence his decision to abscond. As
for Fashanu, he must have succumbed to his cerebral deficiencies and had
decided not to embarrass himself or his paymasters.

Having recruited Fashanu, thought to be an ideal candidate for the job at
the time, Lee devised a media plan in April this year, to give the ”Fashanu
Report” the required publicity blitz. He prepared a question and answer
document and both men went to work. Within two weeks, the media began to
take interest. The Nigerian debt buyback scheme soon became headline news
in several London publications including; Africa Confidential, The Times,
The Voice, New Nation and The Mirror. Shortly after, the Nigerian media
followed suit.

John Fashanu

Lee ensured that Fashanu was placed under surveillance. Fashanu on the
other hand tried to outwit Lee by acquiring new fixed network and
mobile phones to make discreet telephone calls. 


It is believed that
Fashanu had considered quitting the project, due to the scrutiny of his
credibility and his motives, but he appears incapable of doing so, because
of the dossier Lee has on him. 

Sometime in May, Lee shocked Professor Bolaji Aluko in his Howard
University office by playing back a conversation Fashanu had with Ned
Nwoko, a member of the House of Representatives.

Professor Bolaji Aluko

 Lee was at that time
on the verge of abandoning Fashanu because the ex footballer was becoming
a liability. He felt it was a high wire strategy to pin all his three year
work on a man whose credibility was being eroded by the day and confided
in Aluko that Fashanu could not  be trusted. He said Fashanu was like a
lose cannon. Fashanu had approached the Abachas with the aim of extorting
money from them claiming the ”Fashanu Report” had information that
showed they stole Nigeria’s money. The Abachas wanted Fashanu to
substantiate his claims, but the former footballer never went past that
stage because he never had that information in the first instance. Fashanu
had also ”recruited” Ned Nwoko as someone from the Presidency who could
facilitate the prosecution of Minton.  Lee was to find out from his secret
taping of Fashanu and Nwoko, that Nwoko was on his own and was not working
for the Presidency.

Sensing that the Fashanu angle had outlived its usefulness, and that the
ex footballer was more of a liability than an asset, Lee began work on
plan B. In June when President Obasanjo went to Switzerland, Lee and his
group were on his trail. 

With the help of  Lukman, Lee was able to meet Obasanjo for about 30
minutes. Lee later said he was so surprised about the lack of security
around Obasanjo. ”They (security agents) did not even frisk me before
I met the President” Lee later told  Aluko.

Rilwanu Lukman

It was during the meeting with Obasanjo that Lee brought up the Minton
issue. After that meeting, Nigeria at attempted to press charges against
Minton. But it is believed the government is reconsidering its move
because independent lawyers have counseled that Minton has no case to
answer. One source said several lawyers had rummaged through the ”Fashanu
Report” and thought the country could end up with eggs on its face if the
case was taken any further.

Another inside source said the government was advised that the ”Fashanu
Report” did not prove Minton had committed any offence and that the whole
controversy was being spearheaded by the Scientology organization in its
bid to embarrass Minton. They also proffered the following advise; that
the Nigerian Senate had claimed in its report that the debt buy back deal
in question was transparently executed and that the companies Lee and his
group claimed was owned by Minton in defrauding Nigeria was actually owned
100 per cent by the Central Bank of Nigeria; that Minton’s debt buy back
scheme had saved Nigeria about $5 billion and that Nigeria had
demonstrated financial engineering in reducing its debt at the expense of
the nation’s creditors.

David Lee on stake-out

Nigerian government officials have gone cold in their liaison with Lee
and Fashanu, having realized Lee’s motives,  the futility of the case
against Minton, and  that Lee is a man of various identities.


Sources said Lee
attempted to see Obasanjo in London last week through the Nigeria High
Commission, but was given a cold shoulder. It is believed that Lee has
returned to the drawing board to devise another method of  attack against

From 1993 onwards, Lee ensured that Minton lost his privacy. Lee and his
group virtually kept tabs on Minton’s telephone conversations and travel
itinerary. They compiled a list of all those who knew Minton and
approached them with the aim of gathering incriminating information about
him. They tailed Minton’s daughters, wife, father and mother whether they
were in the United States or abroad. It was a sophisticated surveillance
activity. The Scientology organization did not spare a dime in ensuring
that they trailed their public enemy number one and his family. The idea
was to intimidate and overwhelm Minton. 

But that approach failed, because Minton vowed that he would continue
to expose the totalitarian nature of Scientology and to continue the
funding for the civil case instituted against the cult organization
for the death in custody of one of their former members, named Lisa

The Scientology
organization stand to lose a whopping $100 million if they lose the case.
Hence the need to force Minton to abandon the funding for that litigation
by all means necessary.

In 1998, Lee and his
agents broke into the London West End offices of Minton’s business
partner, Jeffrey  Schmidt and photocopied all the documents they found.
The bulk of the documents found is what we now know as the ”Fashanu
Report”. Lee and Fashanu have declined to include Schmidt or Selwyn
Lewis, the two other business partners of Minton in the debt buyback
scheme. This is because Minton is the only target. The ”Fashanu Report”
is about 150 pages thick. On the face of it, it looks impressive but the
document on its own does not prove any criminal act perpetrated by Minton.
It only demonstrates that someone had taken great pains to do some
investigation and gather confidential documents.

Map of Nigeria

Lee came up with the $6 billion debt buy back scam to generate
interest in his project. But no such money was involved in the debt
buy back deal. Indeed, the Central bank employed $1.1 billion to buy
back over  $4 billion of Nigeria’s debt. 


But  Fashanu and Lee 
hopped from one media house to another, telling those who cared to listen
that they had uncovered about 6 billion dollars of Nigeria’s money looted
from the treasury. Fashanu swore that his revelations had led to the
freezing of some bank accounts in Europe, to the tune of hundreds of
millions of dollars. To date he and Lee has failed to provide details of
such accounts that had been frozen and where they had been frozen. Not a
single name has been linked to accounts that have been frozen through the
Lee/Fashanu crusade. Not one. Lee even claimed Minton’s accounts had been
frozen, but has declined to substantiate his claims. Minton on the other
hand had called the duo liars, insisting they were in fantasy island.

Back to David Lee and his background. Lee’s base of operations has been in
Los Angeles in Scientology-owned offices. Notionally, he work for Omega
Legal Services, or Omega Legal Investigations, in Cedar Ridge, Colorado,
where anyone can be a private investigator  no license is required. The
business in Cedar Ridge is owned by a man named George Bacon. This
“business,” however, is only someone’s house with a phone line in it.

The first time David
Lee surfaced working for Scientology was in 1992, when he befriended a
group of high-level Scientology executives who had recently left the

Their names were Terri and Fernando Gamboa, Janice and Paul Grady,
Mark Fisher, and several others. They all settled in Las Vegas and
started a mortgage company together. These people knew him as David

Terri Gamboa weds Gerry Armstrong

He was sent in to keep
tabs on them to make sure they didn’t cause any trouble for the
organization. These people knew he was a plant because of certain
questions he asked and the way he behaved generally, but they never let on
to him that they knew. Their thinking was that it was better to know who
was being run in on them, thereby being able to control the situation,
than to blow his cover and risk having another person sent in that they
might not spot.

Lebeau kept especially close tabs on Terri Gamboa, who had been the
highest-ranking executive and knew the most about Scientology’s underhand
activities. He went so far as to travel with Terri and Fernando to
Australia when they went there on a vacation. Lebeau was reportedly in Las
Vegas with these people for two years. 

Ben Shaw & David Lee

He next appeared in Seattle, Washington, in charge of a surveillance
team that was set up under the control of Scientology intelligence
officer Ben Shaw in Los Angeles.


From 1994 until 1998
David Lee ran this team, whose job was to monitor and report on the
activities of two former-Scientologists-turned-critics, Stacy and Vaughn
Young. (Stacy’s name is now Brooks).

Under Lee’s direction, activities against the Youngs were calculated to
destroy their reputations, get them put in prison, and get Stacy
incarcerated in a mental institution. The Young’s’ trash was stolen
repeatedly, as evidenced by many phone calls from local businesses
advising  them that their trash envelopes with their names on them, were
overflowing in the garbage cans. 

Both David Lee and
Eugene Ingram, another Scientology-hired private investigator, went
door-to-door in the Young’s’ neighborhood, spreading negative stories
about them and passing out photographs. 

A fifteen-page
“newsletter” was placed on the doorsteps of everyone in the Young’s’
neighborhood. This “newsletter” contained negative reports accusing the
Young’s’ of pornography, child abuse and more.

One of the men on the surveillance team later quit in disgust and
contacted Bob Minton to tell him what the team had done. He said they had
parabolic microphones on the Youngs’ house twenty-four hours a day so that
they could tape record all of their conversations. The tapes were sent
down every day to Ben Shaw.

The Youngs were in the process of establishing a sanctuary for lost and
abandoned cats. David Lee’s team targeted these animals for destruction as
a way of forcing the Youngs to stop their public criticism of

In the summer of 1997 Stacy Young was interviewed by the popular American
60 Minutes  TV programme for an expose about Scientology. Scientology
attorneys sent her a threatening letter telling her to withdraw her
permission to allow 60 Minutes to use her interview on the show. Stacy
refused to do so. At the same time, Vaughn testified before the state
government in Hamburg, Germany,
about his knowledge of Scientology’s criminal activities. In retaliation
for the Youngs’ actions, Scientology ordered David Lee and his team to
launch an all-out assault to have them arrested on criminal animal abuse

Two Scientology operatives under David Lee’s direction moved into an
apartment next door to the Youngs and began going door to door in the
neighborhood complaining about diseased cats and filthy conditions. The
neighbors knew these complaints were false and did nothing about them. Lee
organized a phone campaign against the Youngs to Animal Control, which
began coming to the Youngs’ house nearly every day to inspect, based on
these anonymous phone complaints. The house was always impeccably clean
and the rescued cats were healthy and clean. Then anonymous calls were
made to the City Council and Mayor’s offices.

David Lee visited the Youngs’ veterinarian and told him the animals at the
Youngs were diseased and filthy. The veterinarian made regular house calls
to the sanctuary, so he knew Lee’s reports were false.  Next Lee left
anonymous letters on the doorsteps of all the Youngs’ neighbors warning
the neighbors they better complain to the authorities about the Youngs’
filthy, diseased animals.

David Lee had his team make anonymous calls
to the county mental health department, complaining that Stacy Young was
crazy and needed to be incarcerated.  One evening two officials from the
commitment division arrived at the Youngs’ house in white coats to take
her away. Fortunately Stacy was able to convince them that she was sane,
and went on the explain that the anonymous calls they had received were
part of an orchestrated campaign by David Lee, working for Scientology, to
keep her from speaking out about Scientology. 

Lee had people picketing the Youngs’ house, but all the neighbors would
come and chase the picketers away. Finally David Lee began targeting the
Youngs’ landlord, who lived in the neighborhood. Lee called the landlord
threatening to have him arrested for violations of the local city
ordinances. The landlord told the Youngs they would have to move the
sanctuary elsewhere.

Just as David Lee thought he had been successful in driving the Youngs
into silence about Scientology, Robert Minton contacted them and offered
to help them purchase another house where they could safely care for their
rescued animals.

The Youngs moved to Vashon, an island in Puget Sound a half hour from
Seattle.  Lee took his team to Vashon and launched a new assault on the
Youngs there. He circulated false “public health warnings” about the
Youngs’ filthy, diseased cats, telling people they could catch AIDS from
the animals. He approached the county storage facility, which was next
door to the Youngs’ house, and asked to be allowed to set up surveillance
equipment on the Youngs. The county refused. While Vaughn Young was in
Germany to testify again about Scientology, David Lee had the Youngs’ dog
kidnapped, presumably with the intention of killing him. Fortunately, the
dog was able to escape but was nearly dead when neighbors found him. All
his teeth had been kicked out by what the vet thought must have been a big
boot, and his back was severely hurt as if he had jumped out of a moving
car or truck.

It was discovered in late 1998, that  Lee was the case officer for a deep
undercover agent (Laura Terepin aka Jolie Steckart). 

Jolie Steckart

Jolie Steckart was provided with a false
identity and operated under an assumed name when she first volunteered to
work for the Cult Awareness Network (CAN) in 1990. CAN was sued out of
existence by Scientology in 1997. In early 1998, she volunteered to work
for another anti-cult group, FACTNET which was also being sued by
Scientology. But while she was at FACTNET Minton hired an investigator who
uncovered Jolie and her more-than-eight-year undercover operation against
the anti-cult community which was in 1998 being orchestrated by David Lee.
She has not been seen since.

Lee’s campaign against Minton has been the most pervasive anyone familiar
with Scientology’s methods has ever seen. David Lee has been assigned to
supervise a campaign to destroy Minton since at least October 1997, when
he directed a Scientology operative named Mary Frances Newey to go to
Tennessee, to begin doing a background
check on Minton. This woman bumbled the job, asking about Bob’s father,
Robert Minton Sr., by mistake.

But a few days later, the same operative called Minton and told him that
Scientology was prepared to start attacking him on several fronts unless
he stopped giving financial support to Scientology’s enemies. 

The areas of possible attack she listed to
Minton were family, children, his ex-wife, his ex-business partners, his
state and federal taxes, his mental health, drugs, and paying picketers.
Of course, Minton informed her he had no intention of backing away because
of her threats.

At the end of November, Minton was in Seattle to visit the Youngs after
they moved into the house he had bought for them. While there he
discovered that on the morning the house closed,  Lee had visited the real
estate agent who had taken care of the transaction. Lee admitted to the
realtor that he had trespassed on the property, just “having a look

In mid-December Therese Minton arrived at the house in New Hampshire and
found a dead cat on the doorstep, courtesy of  Lee. In January 1998 Lee
launched a flurry of picketing and leafleting in Boston against Minton.
The first leaflet, distributed under cover of darkness in Minton’s Beacon
Hill neighborhood, was titled “HATRED HIDDEN BEHIND FREE SPEECH” and was
signed the Church of Scientology. 

The day after, Lee’s partner Eugene Ingram was making phone calls to
Minton’s friends and associates saying he was investigating Minton for
conspiracy to commit extortion. 


Eugene Ingram

The same day, Minton
found out that Lee had called his father to drive a wedge between them.  

On January 8, 1998, David Lee visited Minton’s  mother, uncle, aunt, and
his two brothers at their places of business, to do his usual job.
Meanwhile, Lee’s group of undercover leafleters returned to Minton’s
neighborhood in the middle of the night with a new leaflet: NEIGHBOR PAYS
funding pornographers, sado-masochists, and neo-Nazis. Later in January,
Lee surfaced in Los Angeles, having tracked down a former employee of
Minton living there. Lee told the former associate that he was contacting
everyone he could find who had worked with Minton. Again, Lee did the

By March 5, a private investigator calling himself Ron Christopher offered
a large sum of money to a former business associate of Minton  in return
for information about Minton. There is reason to believe that Ron
Christopher is a pseudonym for David Lee. This same private investigator
identified himself as being with Financial Researchers when he made calls
to several of Minton’s friends and associates asking questions about him.
On August 24, 1998, a group of people picketed the office building of a
former associate of Minton’s, Bob Smith, who had been quoted in the New
York Times giving a favorable report about Minton’s character. Private
investigator  Lee was undoubtedly the source of the information about
where Bob Smith could be found, at the Turan Corporation, a company Smith
and Minton had founded together.

Later in August David Lee contacted Minton’s son to do what he knows
best.  A few days later, Lee directed an event in Minton’s Beacon Hill
neighborhood during which leaflets were passed out to friends, neighbors,
and parents of his children’s classmates, primarily intended to upset his
children about their father. 

Bob’s home in Sandown

That evening people with picket signs showed up in New Hampshire
holding picket signs again intended to upset Minton’s children. 


In September, David
Lee’s counterpart in England, Peter Franks, continued the coordinated
campaign to destroy Minton’s family by visiting Therese Minton’s friends
and family there. Franks said Lee would visit every neighbor in Boston, as
well as the Minton children’s teachers, administrators and parents of
their friends.

In October 1998, Lee coordinated with Franks to see that a 14-page pack of
discrediting materials was delivered to Minton’s former partner, Jeff
Schmidt, and the Nigerian Minister of Finance in Washington, D.C., during
the IMF meeting there. This was the beginning of the campaign to use
Nigeria to go after Minton.  Shortly after that IMF meeting, as earlier
stated, someone burgled the London office of Minton’s former partner, Jeff
Schmidt. Based on the Greenland Holding information contained in the
Scientology written Fashanu Report released in April 2000 by John Fashanu,
the data from Jeff Schmidt’s office was stolen by someone working for
Franks and Lee and included in the Fashanu Report.

Peter Franks has had numerous meetings and phone calls with Jeff Schmidt
and Selwyn Lewis since early 1998 and conducted a serious campaign of
harassment directed at Jeff and his wife which forced them to leave
England for Brunei (where Jeff’s wife is from). Lee has continued to work
in co-ordination with Peter Franks on the non existent $6 billion debt buy
back scheme that would turn the Nigerian Government against Minton.

But it appears the government now has a better appreciation of these

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The Nigerian Debate, June 11, 2000; Howard University


The Nigerian Debate

Washington D.C.

June 11, 2000



Bob Minton has been attacked relentlessly by Scientology for helping
those abused by the cult. Scientology’s most far reaching campaign
involves a retired Nigerian soccer player named John Fashanu.

Fashanu released a document to the press which has become known as “The
Fashanu Report.” It alleged that Bob was involved in money laundering
while working for the Nigerian government, charges which are completely

David Lee (aka Rob
Clarke) on right


Several reporters picked up the story and repeated Fashanu’s charges
without ever contacting Bob. One of the first reporters to publish a
story was George Noah who had been contacted by one of Fashanu’s
“investigators” who identified himself as Rob Clarke.

“Rob Clarke”
turned out to be David Lee, a member of Scientology’s Office of
Special Affairs.

Intrigued by this deception, George Noah investigated amd wrote
another story about

Scientology’s campaign against Bob Minton

The Fashanu Report had become big news in Nigeria. When the Nigerian
Democratic Movement offered an invitation for Bob Minton and John Fashanu
to have a public debate on the report, Bob Minton immediately accepted.

The debate was to be held at Howard University in Washington D. C. and
was meant to include the full participation of John Fashanu and his
investigator, Scientology operative David Lee.

Bob Minton not only attended but he also presented documents detailing
the entire debt buy-back to those in the audience. John Fashanu and his
team failed to show up after the connection between Scientology and
Fashanu had been exposed in the Media.

Related News Stories

Nigerian Senate Supports Debt Buy Back

Senate Says Nigeria Saved Five Billion Dollars




Video of the Howard University Debate


Professor Mobalaji E. Aluko

Chair of the Dept. of Chemical Engineering,
Howard University



George Noah

The first reporter to break the news about the
Fashanu Report



Bob Minton
Retired International Banker

Explains the basics of the debt



Debt Buy-Back

Bob Minton goes over the specifics of the debt buy-back



Questions from

The Professor asks about the debt buy-back maze



Questions from

Bob Minton explains the Scientology connection



Questions from
the  Audience 

Part One



Questions from
the  Audience 

Part Two



Questions from
the  Audience 

Part Three



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