September 9, 2009
The following nine satellites – or birds-in-the-sky - cover virtually all of Africa. There may be a few more out there.
Note that “C-band” refers to 4 – 6 GHz operation while Ku refers to 11-12 – 14 GHz operation. C band needs generally a larger dish, but suffers less from heavy rain.
Furthermore, satellites are typically nominally designed for 10 – 15 years lifetime, so launch dates are important too.
Source of most information: http://www.satsig.net/ivsat-africa.htm [Satellite Signals]
http://www.satsig.net/sslist.htm List of Satellites in Geostationary orbit
Monopoly/etc. situation of African telecoms
Newskies satellite NSS-7 at orbit 21.5W (C & Ku-bands) - launched 12 April, 1999
Intelsat 905 at 24.5W (Africa C band beam) – launched 6 June, 2002
Telstar 11N at 37.5 W Orbit [launched 26 Feb 2009, has 39 Ku-band transponders]
Eutelsat W3A at 7 E orbit (Ku Band) – launched 16th March 2004
IS PAS-10 [= Intelsat 10 IS-10] at 68.5E Orbit - launched 15 May 2001
IS PAS 1R [= Intelsat 1R IS-1] at 45W Orbit – launched 15 November, 2000
(both Ku-band satellites)
PanAmSat 1R at 45W orbit (see above IS PAS 1R) - launched 15 November, 2000
Atlantic Bird AB-3 at 5W orbit – launched 5 July, 2002
(both C-band satellites)
IS 904 at 60E orbit (C Band) – launched 23 February 2002 and
PAS-10 at 68.5 E orbit (Ku Band) - launched 15 May 2001